Fifteen per cent of the world’s population encounters some form of disability. In other words, over more than one billion human beings, are facing either a motor disability, a hearing disability, a vision disability or a cognitive disability (Schrader-King, 2019). One of the reasons for such a limitation can be due to the cause of a genetic disease called Muscular Dystrophy (MD).
MD is a collection of muscle diseases that fade and break down skeleton muscles over time. It appears in the X-chromosomes of the genes, which proves why it is mostly found in males more than in females (Emery, 2008).
Muscular Dystrophy passes through stages as the person gets older in time. Most types of MD are caused by a deficiency of a protein which supports making the fibres in muscles secure. Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is the most familiar disease that is diagnosed in boys between the ages of three and five. This severe type is a fast progression condition which leads the person to be unable to walk by their early teens.
While growing up, their life gradually becomes more difficult to the level that they need assistance in everything they do. Over time, the breaking of muscles will reach the heart, leading to death in the late teens or early twenties due to heart disease (Emery, 2008)
- Emery, A. (2008). X-linked muscular dystrophy with early contractures and cardiomyopathy
(Emery-Dreifuss type). Clinical Genetics, 32(5).
- Schrader-King, K. (2019). Disability Inclusion Overview. [online] World Bank. Available at: